Full title: Feasibility study of endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic cyst chemoablation (EUS-PCA) using gemcitabine and paclitaxel for intraductal pancreatic mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) in two NZ tertiary interventional endoscopy centres
Cancer type: Pancreatic
Status: In set up

Brief description:


Early detection and treatment of pancreatic premalignant lesions, most commonly IPMN, may be the best current strategy to prevent invasive pancreatic cancer. The rates of IPMN progression to invasive cancer range from 7 to 25% at 10 years, depending on risk characteristics. The feasibility and safety of EUS-PCA has been demonstrated in studies, including smaller randomised trials, totaling about 140 participants. EUS-PCA with the chemotherapy drugs being used in this trial has been implemented in several major international centres due to its potential for the minimally-invasive prevention of invasive pancreatic cancer, though it has never been compared to surgery in a clinical trial.

This single-arm intervention trial will evaluate the feasibility of implementing endoscopic ultrasound-guided pancreatic cyst ablation (EUS-PCA) for IPMN in interventional endoscopy units in two New Zealand tertiary centres. Doing so in a clinical trial is consistent with the recommendation of an international expert panel to implement EUS-PCA in the context of a research trial.

A previous US trial reported a complete response rate at 12 months of 59%, with response maintained or further improved at 3 years. Of those with complete response, >95% of patients had not relapsed a median of 6 years after EUS-PCA. About 8% of patients in this trial underwent surgery for persistent cysts.

The trial will recruit patients with concerning IPMN features, for whom a multidisciplinary meeting recommends EUS-PCA as a treatment option. This patient group would usually be recommended to have surgery, but many patients decline surgery due to its high morbidity and significant mortality rates or are not candidates for this due to comorbidities or other issues. If EUS-PCA is successful, then it may ablate these precancerous lesions, treat patients who are not fit for surgery and reduce the incidence of invasive pancreatic adenocarcinoma. This is likely to reduce inequity for Māori, who are at higher risk of being ineligible for surgery for these lesions. While this is a small trial, we will also aim to recruit 50% Māori to further address inequity of opportunity and health outcomes.

Sites: Waikato and North ShoreHospitals
Lead Investigator: Dr Michael Jameson
Contact: Eibhlin Corrigan (eibhlin.corrigan@auckland.ac.nz)
Sponsor: University of Auckland
Funder: Gut Cancer Foundation NZ
Trial Registry reference: NCT06162468 (click for more details)
Ethics number: TBC
Publications: None currently